New York Times editors reviewed a recent article about drug use on Long Island by freelancer Kevin Deutsch and was not able to find two of the people quoted in the story.
Baltimore Sun reporters had tipped the Times off because they were working on an article about Deutsch’s new book, Pill City. The Sun told the Times that they were not able to find two of the named sources in Deutsch’s Dec. 28 story, “Fentanyl Outpaces Heroin as the Deadliest Drug on Long Island.”
According to his website, Deutsch is “an award-winning criminal justice reporter and author of two books.” His website states he was a staff reporter for the New York Daily News, The Miami Herald, The Palm Beach Post, Newsday and The Riverdale Press.
On Feb. 24, the Times published a lengthy editor’s note explaining that last month, the newspaper began its own in-house investigation after being contacted by the Sun.
To have the Sun flag fundamental problems in a Times story that should have been caught by the Times itself raises doubts by readers about the newspaper’s reporting.
The Times wrote that during its “detailed review,” it could not “locate or confirm the existence” of two sources, Jeffrey Sheridan of Oyster Bay, N.Y., whose 34-year-old nephew reportedly died, and a 26-year-old man named Andrew Giordano of Prospect Heights, Brooklyn.
Nonetheless, Deutsch stood by his reporting and interviews despite the fact the Times said he couldn’t “put The Times in contact with either source, or to provide any further material to corroborate the account.”
When contacted by iMediaEthics, Deutsch did not respond on-the-record to our question about what information he provided to the Times to help them track down sources beyond ages, name and city locations in the article.
“I share the Times’ commitment to accuracy and ethical reporting, but disagree with the paper’s conclusions,” Deutsch e-mailed to iMediaEthics. “I provided Times editors with every piece of information and detail I had regarding these interviews. I also offered to send the paper my notebooks containing extensive notes from these interviews.”
He may have provided all he had but this was not enough for the Times to verify these men existed.
iMediaEthics found the original article, pre-editor’s note, re-published through Press Reader. It shows that Jeffrey Sheridan’s nephew, a third apparently missing person in the article, was not named. An archive of the story is available here.
In its editor’s note, the Times wrote that it verified “the main facts and thrust of the article, including the official data and quotes from the authorities.” (The Baltimore Sun‘s report raising questions about Deutsch’s story is here.)
iMediaEthics contacted the Times to ask for more information about what it means when the newspaper says it couldn’t track down the sourcing with Deutsch’s information.
Times spokesperson Eileen Murphy declined to comment beyond the editor’s note, which is included below. When iMediaEthics asked if the editor’s note affects Deutsch’s working relationship with the Times, she said, “We have no plan to offer him further work.”
The New York Times‘ solution? The newspaper treated this case similarly to how it handled the Jayson Blair fabrication scandal, by appending an editor’s note. In this case, the note warns that the Times was unable to find the sources and that it scrubbed references to the two interviewees from Deutsch’s original article. iMediaEthics has asked Times public editor Liz Spayd what, if any, review she is conducting, and will update with any response.
Does this fix the elephant-in-the-room problem of the sources who can’t be independently confirmed as real? iMediaEthics searched both sources’ names through Google and didn’t find results in the area.
Despite this problem of verification, Deutsch told iMediaEthics by e-mail he stands by his reporting.
Regarding the two sources the Times couldn’t locate, Deutsch said, “I’d interviewed both men following 12-step recovery meetings they’d attended, and which I’d been allowed to sit in.” He added, “There were sensitive ground rules in place, and the Times was fully aware of those details.”
He implies in this statement that there may have been some sort of confidentiality arrangement with his sources. This does not seem credible given that there was no indication in the story that their names or locations had been changed for privacy or a statement of anonymity was provided, as required by Times anonymous source guidelines.
Did Deutsch have real sources but fail to fact check their identities, addresses and other information?
What was the deceased nephew’s name? Was a death record checked? Further, any anonymity, according to Times guidelines, would have required an editor knowing the real names of the sources, even if they were not included in the story.
Because the Times was surprised by the Sun’s questions being raised, no anonymity deal must have been in place. We asked the Times if it verified the existence of the 12-step meetings or the nephew’s existence, but the Times wouldn’t comment beyond its editor’s note.
Deutsch Still defends his reporting
Deutsch added to iMediaEthics, “I reported this story ethically and in accordance with the highest journalistic standards. The quotes and interviewee names and details that appeared in the story were recounted to me by the interviewees, verbatim.”
Further, Deutsch said, “I’m proud of the piece and the attention it’s drawn to the dangers of fentanyl. I consider journalistic ethics sacrosanct, and stand by all of my work.”
Deutsch also defended his work in a post on the blogging platform Medium. He claimed there that his journalism is “thorough and exhaustive,” adding that Pill City “is a true story told under extraordinary circumstances. I reported it aggressively and honestly, and stand behind every word.”
Deutsch called it “disheartening” to have other journalists question and criticize his reporting, suggesting it was because of competition and not for his own reporting failures.
Uncorking further doubts about his journalism, Newsday, where Deutsch worked from 2012 to 2016, is also “scrutinizing his work for any inconsistencies,” its managing editor Richard Rosen told the Baltimore Sun earlier this month.
Newsday’s communications manager Kim Como told iMediaEthics by e-mail, “In response to your questions, we are still reviewing Mr. Deutsch’s work from the four years he worked for Newsday, from 2012 to 2016.”
Newsday published its own editor’s note, which reads:
Here is the Times‘ editor’s note in full:
“An article on Dec. 29, 2016, described the rise of deadly fentanyl overdoses on Long Island, based largely on official data and interviews with law enforcement officials. It was written by a freelance writer, Kevin Deutsch, an author and former staff reporter for The Daily News and Newsday.
“Several weeks later, The Baltimore Sun published a report that raised questions about claims in a new book by the same reporter, about the drug trade in Baltimore. The Sun reporters also informed The Times that, in the course of researching the claims in Mr. Deutsch’s book, they had reviewed the Times article and had been unable to locate two sources quoted by name in that article.
“In response, editors and reporters at The Times conducted a detailed review of the fentanyl article. The main facts and thrust of the article, including the official data and quotes from the authorities, were confirmed. However, after extensive reporting efforts, The Times also has been unable to locate or confirm the existence of two people who were named and quoted: Jeffrey Sheridan, described as a resident of Oyster Bay, N.Y., who works as addiction counselor and whose 34 year old nephew died from a fentanyl overdose on Staten Island in 2015; and Andrew Giordano, described as a 26 year old resident of Prospect Heights, Brooklyn, who overdosed on a fentanyl heroin mixture.
“Mr. Deutsch maintains that the interviews and the descriptions are accurate. But he has not been able to put The Times in contact with either source, or to provide any further material to corroborate the account. At this point, editors have concluded that The Times cannot vouch for the accuracy of those sources, and that material has been removed from the online version of the article.”
UPDATED: 3/1/2017 9:53 AM EST With Deutsch’s background.
UPDATED: 3/1/2017 5:46 PM EST With editor’s note
UPDATE: 5/1/2017 Read iMediaEthics’ latest in the series, “Exclusive: 14 Missing Sources in Kevin Deutsch’s Crime Stories for Newsday, NY Daily News, NY Times & Newsweek.” Read the full series here.
CORRECTION - March 1, 2017 9:56 AM EST
According to the Times’ editor’s note, it was Baltimore Sun reporters not editors who contacted the NYTimes.