The Times Online’s initial May 13 report on the May 12 Libyan plane crash contained both a factual error and an anonymous sourcing – that is, it did until The Times pulled the story, apparently wihout providing readers with a transparent correction.
iMediaEthics hasn’t seen any correction posted to The Times Online story. Not very transparent, in iMediaEthics’ view.
The American Journalism Review’s Rachel Smolkin wrote in 2006 that “admitting errors is integral to transparency – in Internet time rather than newspaper time.” The Society of Professional Journalists’s ethics code advises to “admit mistakes and correct them properly.”
Also, the Times Online wrote that “pilots speculated that it could have been the result of human rather than mechanical failure.”
Why doesn’t the Times Online say who the pilots are or how many there were?
Those are all important sourcing questions. Readers shouldn’t ask “how do they know that?” after reading an article. As is New York Times policy, iMediaEthics’ view is that news organizations should take care to explain why sources are unnamed. And, anonymous sources should never be used to speculate or attack personally.
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A Google search on May 17 at 2 PM EST still showed the above quote about pilots speculating as part of a Times Online article. The search also shows that the plane is misidentified as an A380.
Interestingly, a search of that quote from the Times Online article turned up not just the dead link to the original story, but also another article by The Independent with the same misinformation.
Compare for yourself: The Times Online had reported in the now missing article that (emphasis ours) “pilots speculated that it could have been the result of human rather than mechanical failure.” The Independent reported May 14 that (emphasis ours) “Some pilots have speculated that it could have been the result of human rather than mechanical failure, and have also drawn attention to the outdated landing system at Tripoli airport.” (Hmm…curiously, both used the same set of words to anonymously speculate.)
The Times Online committed a double error, by using anonymous sources to speculate.The Independent continued the Times Online’s bad and somewhat useless or vague use of anonymous sources to speculate. But, The Independent did use a named source of Libya’s transport minister.
Christian Science Monitor May 12 did write about possible theories for how the crash happened, but it supported its theories with identified sources.
Other problem areas for journalists in reporting this crash include the identification of the young survivor, illustrating the problems of using anonymous sources. Jacksonville, Florida TV station WCNT identified the boy as ten years old, as did The Guardian and The New York Post. The Daily Mail said he’s eight years old. Yahoo News couldn’t make up its mind, saying he’s nine years old in one article and ten years old in another.
None of these news organizations explained who identified the age of the boy. Instead of, for example, reporting that the Netherlands embassy said the boy was a certain age, all of those news organizations skipped over attribution and said the boy was (insert number here) years old. If news organizations had cited where the information came from, then the information is accountable and verifiable.
StinkyJournalism has contacted Times Online for more information about the initial story it pulled from the site, and will update with any response.